AskDefine | Define sit

Dictionary Definition

sit

Verb

1 be seated [syn: sit down] [ant: stand, lie]
2 sit around, often unused; "The object sat in the corner"
3 take a seat [syn: sit down] [ant: arise]
4 be in session; "When does the court of law sit?"
5 assume a posture as for artistic purposes; "We don't know the woman who posed for Leonardo so often" [syn: model, pose, posture]
6 sit and travel on the back of animal, usually while controlling its motions; "She never sat a horse!"; "Did you ever ride a camel?"; "The girl liked to drive the young mare" [syn: ride]
7 work or act as a baby-sitter; "I cannot baby-sit tonight; I have too much homework to do" [syn: baby-sit]
8 show to a seat; assign a seat for; "The host seated me next to Mrs. Smith" [syn: seat, sit down] [also: sitting, sat]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

etyl ang sittan, from , from *|set-, from . Cognate with German sitzen, Dutch zitten, Swedish sitta; and with Irish suigh, Russian сидеть.

Pronunciation

  • , /sɪt/, /sIt/
  • Rhymes with: -ɪt

Verb

  1. In the context of "intransitive|of a person": To be in a position in which the upper body is upright and the legs (especially the upper legs) are supported by some object.
    After a long day of walking, it was good just to sit and relax.
  2. In the context of "intransitive|of a person": To move oneself into such a position.
    I asked him to sit.
  3. In the context of "intransitive|of an object": To occupy a given position permanently.
    The temple has sat atop that hill for centuries.
  4. To be a member of a deliberative body.
    I currently sit on a standards committee.
  5. In the context of "intransitive|of an agreement or arrangement": To be accepted.
    How will this new contract sit with the workers?
    I don’t think it will sit well.

Derived terms

Translations

of a person, be in a position in which the upper body is upright and the legs are supported
  • Bosnian: sjediti
  • Croatian: sjediti
  • Czech: sedět
  • Finnish: istua
  • French: être assis
  • German: sitzen
  • Irish: suigh
  • Italian: sedere
  • Japanese: qualifier anywhere 座る; 腰掛ける
  • Lao: ນັ່ງ
  • Lithuanian: sėdėti
  • Norwegian: sitte
  • Polish: siedzieć
  • Russian: сидеть (sid'ét’)
  • Serbian: sediti
  • Slovene: sedeti
  • Spanish: sentarse
move oneself into such a position
  • Czech: sednout
  • Finnish: istuutua
  • French: asseoir
  • German: setzen, hinsetzen
  • Irish: suigh
  • Italian: sedersi
  • Japanese: qualifier anywhere 座る; 腰掛ける
  • Norwegian: sette
  • Russian: садиться (sadít’s'a) , сесть (s'ést')
  • Slovene: sesti, usesti se
  • Spanish: sentarse
of an object: occupy a given position permanently
  • Finnish: seistä, olla, maata
  • German: liegen
  • Japanese: ある
  • Norwegian: sitte
  • Russian: сидеть (sid'ét’)
  • Spanish: asentarse
to be a member of a deliberative body
  • Finnish: istua
  • German: sitzen, angehören
  • Irish: suigh
  • Japanese: いる
  • Spanish: pertenecer
of an agreement or arrangement, to be accepted
  • Finnish: sopia
  • Japanese: 受け入れる
  • Spanish: encajar

See also

Noun

  1. In the context of "rare|Buddhism": an event (usually one full day or more) where the primary goal is to sit in meditation.

Translations

meditation event
  • Finnish: istunto

Anagrams

Croatian

Adjective

sit

Czech

Noun

sit

Latin

Verb

sit

Extensive Definition

Sitting is a rest position supported by the buttocks or thighs where the torso is more or less upright. There are several ways for humans to sit.

Types of sittings

Sitting on the floor

The most common way of sitting on the floor involves bending the knees. One can also sit with the legs unbent, using something solid as support for the back or leaning on one's arms.
Sitting with bent legs can be done along two major lines; one with the legs mostly parallel and one where they cross each other. The parallel position is reminiscent of, and is sometimes used for, kneeling. The latter is a common pose for meditating.

Parallel legs

  • is a Japanese word which describes the traditional formal way of sitting in that country. Sitting in seiza is kneeling on one's own lower legs, with the feet under the buttocks, toes pointed backwards. To sit in seiza for any length of time requires careful positioning of the heels under the sit bones of the hip, to minimize circulation loss. A related position is , which differs in the tops of the feet being raised off the ground.

Cross-legged

  • The position known as Indian or tailor style involves both feet bent inwards and under the body, crossing each other at the ankle. In Japan it is known as agura (胡座).
  • The lotus position involves resting each foot on the opposite thigh so that the soles face upwards. If only one foot is brought into this position, it is called a half-lotus position. This position is common in yoga and meditation.
  • The Burmese position, named so because of its use in Buddhist sculptures in Burma, places both feet in front of the pelvis with knees bent and touching the floor to the sides. The heels are pointing toward pelvis or upward, and toes are pointed so that the tops of the feet lay on the ground. This looks similar to the cross legged position, but the feet are not placed underneath the thigh of the next leg, therefore the legs do not cross. Instead, one foot is placed in front of the other. This is a popular sitting alternative for those less comfortable with the use of the Lotus or half Lotus positions in meditation and yoga.
Zazen, the Japanese word for "sitting meditation", is a form of meditation rather than a particular posture. During zazen, practitioners may assume a lotus, half-lotus, Burmese, or seiza position.

Sitting on a raised seat

Most raised surfaces at the appropriate height can be used as seats for humans, whether they are made for the purpose, such as chairs, stools and benches, or not. While the buttocks are nearly always rested on the raised surface, there are many differences in how one can hold one's legs and back.
There are two major styles of sitting on a raised surface. The first has one or two of the legs in front of the sitting person; in the second, sitting astride something, the legs incline outwards on either side of the body.
The feet can rest on the floor, or on a footrest, which can keep them vertical, horizontal, or at an angle in between. They can also dangle if the seat is sufficiently high. Legs can be kept right to the front of the body, spread apart, or one crossed over the other.
The upper body can be held upright, recline to either side or backwards, or one can lean forward.

Posture

Alice, the protagonist of Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, is representative of children who were once admonished to "sit up straight." http://www.icons.org.uk/theicons/collection/alice/features/the-victorian-world
Recent studies indicate, however, that sitting upright for hours causes increased stress on the back, and may be a cause of chronic back problems. Researchers have found that a "135-degree back-thigh sitting posture" was the best posture to avoid back problems—that is, leaning back in the chair 45 degrees. Researchers found that the 90-degree position contributed most to strain on the spine, while the 135-degree position was the most relaxed. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/6187080.stm
Optimal posture while sitting is now referred to as Neutral spine. http://www.spineuniverse.com/displayarticle.php/article183.html

Variations

Variations of the above, such as an aside variant with the legs resting above and beside the armrests (example), or the anti-authoritarian posture of reversing the chair and one's legs in front of the back of the chair.

Kneeling chairs

Kneeling chairs (often just referred to as "ergonomic chairs"), encourage better posture than conventional chairs and they look quite different. To sit in a kneeling chair one rests one's buttocks on the upper sloping pad and rests the front of the lower legs atop the lower pad, i.e., the human position as both sitting and kneeling at the same time.
Kneeling chairs should not, in fact, be called "ergonomic" chairs because they go against what ergonomists recommend as a sitting position which reduces the risk of musculoskeletal injuries. Since the body is one long kinetic chain, prolonged sitting can lead to musculoskeletal injuries in any joint. "Neutral" sitting postures—postures that reduce the demands on the body—involve sitting fully back in a chair's seat pan and using the back rest for support. It is impossible for humans to sit unsupported for long periods of time and maintain neutral postures, nor is it advisable to try. Avoid using kneeling chairs as well as exercise balls for prolonged sitting.

In mythology

In various mythologies and folk magic, sitting is a magical act that connects the person who sits, with other persons, states or places where he/she sat.
sit in German: Sitzen
sit in French: Position assise
sit in Hebrew: ישיבה (תנוחה)
sit in Dutch: Zitten
sit in Japanese: 座法
sit in Swedish: Sittande
sit in Thai: การนั่ง

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

be gravid, be knocked up, be pregnant, be seated, be with child, breed, brood, bum around, call together, carry, carry young, clock, convene, convoke, cover, do nothing, ensconce, gestate, goof off, hang around, hatch, hold a meeting, hold a session, idle, incubate, install, laze, lazy, lie around, loaf, loiter about, loll around, lollop around, lounge, lounge around, meet, mooch around, moon, moon around, open, perch, posture, remain seated, rest, roost, seat, set, settle, sit around, sit down, slouch, slouch around, squat, stand around, summon
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